Dept. of Chemistry, Adeyemi College of Education, Ondo
Abstract: Extracts from the leaves of Fluerya aestuans were investigated for phytochemical constituents and antioxidant activity. Test for tannins, steroids, flavonoids, saponins, sterols, cardiac glycosides and alkaloids were positive in methanol extracts. The methanol extract of Fluerya aestuans had a DPPH Scavenging activity of 77.89% at 100mg/ml, Total phenol of 0.141 at 100mg/ml and free reducing antioxidant properties (FRAP) of 0.218 at 100mg/ml respectively. These value were comparable those of ascorbic acid,93.86% at 100mg/ml, Gallic acid, 5.498 at 100mg/ml and ascorbic acid 4.20 at 100mg/ml as standard for DPPH Scavenging, total phenol, and FRAP respectively. These findings suggest the rich phytochemicals content of Fluerya aestuans and its good antioxidant activity may be responsible for its traditional use; such as antidote for poison, rickets in children, constipation, antiulcer, etc.
Keywords: Fluerya aestuans, phytochemicals, antioxidant activity and total phenol