IMPROVISATION AND UTILIZATION OF LOCAL MATERIALS FOR BIOLOGY TEACHING AND LEARNING IN SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ONDO WEST LOCAL GOVERNMENT, ONDO STATE, NIGERIA.

OLANIYAN, R.F AND OSUNGBEMIRO, N.R

Adeyemi College of Education,Ondo

Email Address:olaniyan4real_06@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT
This study examines extent to which improvisation and utilization of local materials could facilitate biology teaching in the secondary schools in Ondo west Local Government Area. A review of related literature was carried out to shed some light on the problem under investigations. Research questions were formulated to guide the investigations relevant data were collected by means of well designed and validated learning Resources for Biology Teaching Questioners. These were administered on 25 teachers and 75 students in sampled schools. The frequencies of the response were formed and were converted using t-test, the pre-test and post-test were also conducted for the sample student which were taught in abstract and later taught with improvised learning resources. The result of the pre-test and post-test were recorded and corrected. The result indicate that improvisation and utilization of learning have lead to student’s better mastery of biology concept, make learning more interesting and pleasurable. However, certain basic learning resources could not be improvised due to financial constraint, time constraint, inaccessibility to local materials and inadequate school support. Based on the findings, it was recommended that biology teachers need to identify relevant learning resources and try to improve them while the home and government should assist the schools in the improvisation of learning resources for biology teaching and learning in the schools. Creative and resourceful teachers who improvise equipment and materials should be motivated adequately.
Keywords: improvisation, learning, Teaching and Biology