OLALEKE J.O., IDOWU C.S. AND IROJU O.G. (PhD)
Adeyemi College of Education, Ondo
National security challenges has been a thing of serious worries to the government and people of Nigeria in recent times. The citizenry that had experience peaceful life in the past now witness precarious life as a result of different kinds of threats. Nigeria is now faced with man-made security threats like kidnapping, terrorism, political and economic related assassinations and extra-judicial killings aside other threats from killer diseases such as malaria, diarrhea, HIV/AIDS, Monkey pox and Ebola viruses amongst others. Nigerians hopefully look up to the government for proactive solutions to the security threats. It is lamentable that none of the several methods already put in place to curb the menace has yielded the desired results. The ingenious ways by which these heinous acts are perpetrated requires a robust and scientific approach in its detection and protection. Information and communication technology (ICT) is a generic name used to describe a range of technologies for gathering, storing, retrieving, processing, analyzing and transmitting information and its use is immense in all fields. The use of ICT tools as electronic surveillance has played unimaginable roles in tracking security challenges in most developed counties. Nigeria could also get her security breakthrough if these facilities are properly adopted and deployed. This paper therefore discusses the concept of insecurity, the immediate causes and also presents unique ways to curb the menace through the use of ICT facilities. Special focus has been placed on the use of CCTV, GPS, IP cameras, RFID such that if these tools are adequately harnessed, they could stem the insecurity menace in Nigeria.
Keywords: insecurity, threats, ICT, electronic surveillance.